Anne, a French citizen, has strong board, strategic and general management experience across a range of sectors including energy, communications and financial services. Her breadth of experience complements the balance of skills on the board. Anne started her professional career in 1983 in the steel industry and in 1990 was named adviser for Economic International Affairs at the French Presidency and deputy chief of its staff in 1991. In 1995 she became a partner of Lazard Frares & Cie, subsequently joining Alcatel Telecom as senior executive vice president in 1997, where she was responsible for international activities and the groups industrial shareholdings in the energy and securities sectors. Anne was CEO & Chairman of COGEMA from 1999 until 2011. Following a merger in 2001, COGEMA became AREVA where Anne remained in position until 2011. External appointments (current and recent): Chairman and chief executive officer of A.L.P since 2011, chairman of SIGFOX since 2014, chairman of BoostHEAT since 2015, non-executive director of American Express Company since 2013, non-executive director of KOC since April 2016, non-executive director of Suez since 2015, non-executive director of Airbus Group NV from 2013 to 2016, non-executive director of Total SA from 2000 until May 2015, non-executive director of GDF SUEZ from 2001 until 2012, and non-executive director of Vodafone plc from 2005 until 2014.